The second largest island in the Kodiak Archipelago, Afognak Island has long been known for its excellent hunting and fishing. Protected bays and majestic mountains make it a spectacular place to visit and wildlife abounds here. Sea lions, seal, sea otters, whales, and porpoises can be seen in the waters nearby. Afognak Island hosts the largest elk herds in Alaska and, of course, the famous Kodiak brown bear lives there as well. Archaeological excavation of the old village began in 1999. Petroglyphs that mark rock faces surrounding the old village stand as silent witness to a once thriving prehistoric community. Several lodges and charter services are available for fishing, hunting, wildlife viewing or quiet retreats.